Advanced Pitching Strategy | Establishing the fastball


Before you ask, “why is a hitter writing about advanced pitching strategy,” let me just go ahead and tell you why.

Advanced Pitching Strategy… What hitters really hate

Some of the most insightful conversations I have had about hitting were talking to pitchers, and I’ve heard pitchers say they’ve learned a lot when talking to hitters.

This makes perfect sense if you think about it.  If I constantly talk to hitters, I could learn something about mechanics or approach.  But pitchers make a living out of trying to get hitters out.

If I can learn what pitchers are looking for, understand certain pitch sequences, or how they expose certain flaws, it may make me an all-around better hitter (I’m obviously writing this post from a hitters perspective).

And the reverse is true.  Pitchers can learn from hitters what really ruins our day.

How a good fastball can be deadly

Following his third spring training start, David Price said,

pitching strategy fastball“It’s part of the process, continuing to go out there, command my fastball the way that I did today. If I can do that, it just opens up everything that I want to do with all my secondary stuff.

That’s always a big emphasis on me, just making sure I’m hitting spots with that fastball—two-seam, four-seam, both sides of the plate, moving it in, up, down.”

As a pitcher that throws a lot of fastballs, David understands how difficult it is to hit. He understands that fastballs in different locations thrown with a two-seam and four-seam variations can make life difficult for hitters.

The key is location.

Let’s say I am facing a right handed pitcher (I am a right handed hitter) and he is trying to establish his two-seamer (sinker) inside to me.

It is natural to start looking in there as a hitter. If I am not stubborn with a mental approach for that at bat it would be easy for me to swing at pitches off the plate inside, fully aware that if I hit that pitch I will most likely pull the ball foul or hit a ground ball to the pull side of the infield.

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Deception & perception

If you ever really watch batting practice you will see how many times hitters don’t square up the baseball. The hitters know every pitch that is coming and the coach is trying to throw it where they can hit it hard, but still many hitters don’t hit the ball on the barrel of the bat.

Imagine how much harder it gets when they DON’T know what pitch is coming.

  • Inside/outside – After two sinkers inside, a 4 seamer on the outside corner tends to look further outside than normal… even though it is a strike.
  • Speed – The speed differs by 2-3 mph but that is just enough for my contact to be off the barrel if I am timed up for the two-seamer velocity.
  • Up / Down – Moving the ball up and down changes the eye level of the hitter and can produce swing and misses especially with two strikes.

A well located fastball is the most difficult pitch to hit consistently. The hitter has less time to react, and the further the ball is away from the middle of the plate the more difficult for the hitter (Click to read more about effective velocity if you aren’t sure what I mean).

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Learning from David Price

I love watching the Little League World Series when it’s on television but I feel like the pitchers are throwing more and more off speed pitches every year. I wish and I hope that some of the pitchers and coaches take a page out of David Price’s book and throw more fastballs.

Once I have to compete against fastballs located for strikes on both sides of the plate and changing eye levels, the secondary stuff becomes much nastier to hit.

As a hitter, when a pitcher establishes the location of his fastball and is not afraid to come after hitters, it makes hitting much more difficult.

Your Turn

Now I have a question for you.  What are your struggles related to learning or teaching pitching? Or baseball in general?  We’ll be interviewing more pros this off season, so be sure to comment below with your questions!

Cheers, and play hard!


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About Author

Avatar für Doug Bernier

Doug Bernier, founder of Pro Baseball, debuted in the Major Leagues in 2008 with the Colorado Rockies, and has played professional baseball for 5 organizations (CO Rockies, NY Yankees, PIT Pirates, MN Twins, & TX Rangers) over the past 16 years. He has Major League time at every infield position, and has played every position on the field professionally except for catcher. (You should click to watch this great defensive play by Bernier) Where is he now? After 16 years of playing professionally, Doug retired and took a position as a Major League scout with the Colorado Rockies for 2 years. Currently Doug is the Data and Game Planning Coordinator with the Colorado Rockies



  1. Avatar für Andrea Collins
    Andrea Collins on

    Hi Doug,
    Thank you for your unique article. I’m really excited at the advanced pitching strategy. That “the key is location” is a perfect tip. Besides, I’d like to share my own strategy “Don’t be predictable” I mean you can change speed, eye level, etc.

  2. Avatar für Drew


    Good article.

    The amount of off speed stuff we have been seeing at the Little League level is astounding. It should almost be an illegal pitch at the ages these kids are throwing them. Change-up, sure if they are being taught correctly because the arm and body action of that pitch is the same as with a fast ball. The grip on the ball creates the effect on the ball.

    I assist at the High School level and we could care less about a pitchers off speed stuff. If they can not throw a fast ball in the low-mid 80s with command we dont give them a serious look. We do that because scouts that come to the fields are only interested in kids that are throwing, or they see the potential of them throwing, 85+ as they grow.

    I was at a recent Little League district championship game. Standing along side the stands I watched as pitch after pitch was being thrown as a “curve-ball.” I put that in quotes because the actual mechanics of what they were trying to throw resembled nothing as to how to throw a curve.

    At one point a player swung widely at the so called curve. A parent jump up and yelled “great pitch!” I happened to be standing next to the individual and as he sat down I looked at him and said … “REALLY? You think that pitch was great?” He looked at me and grimaced. He knew who I was and that I coach at upper levels. I shook his head no sheepishly. I asked him if he really thought a 9 year old should be throwing a curve. Then i asked if he knew the proper mechanics of throwing a curve and if that player that he just told pitched a “great pitch” actually threw that ball correctly. He looked at me and said that he didnt think kids that old should be throwing curves, that he did not how to throw a curve and that the kid didnt really throw the ball correctly.

    I said to the man, “so, we are interested in the results, not the process?” He shook his head and understood my point. That cheering on a wrongly thrown ball would make the player think he was doing the right thing. That moment would resonate in that players mind for a very long time. (Standing on the mound in another 3-2 count with 2 outs… what is he going to remember… some guy yelling at him GREAT PITCH or what his some coach told him at some practice a couple weeks ago…. just sayin…)

    Thanks for posting the article! I hope many with younger kids read it and take it to heart. Fastball… fastball… fastball… location… location… location!

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