Best batting stance – Comparing open, square, and closed batting stance

Watching a baseball game, you’ll likely see 18 different batting stances.  You will see some hitters stand tall, some squat low, and some very wide.  But regardless of the vast variety of quirks, you will find that all hitters stances fall into one of these three categories: (1) Open (2) square, or (3) closed.  This article describes the different batting stances, including the advantages and disadvantages of each, so you can choose the best batting stance for you.

This issue is very much an individual comfort thing, especially when dealing with how upright you stand or how low you squat.

What are the differences between square, open and closed batting stances?

Square batting stance

A certain stance may help your hands or your swing work a little better than another.  That is something you need to play with and feel comfortable with.

In this section I will talk about the open, closed, and square batting stances, including what the advantages and disadvantages are of each one.

Square Batting Stance

This is the most common stance hitters use in the batters box, and some would argue it’s the best batting stance.  Beginners should start with this one.

This is where all good hitters want to be at contact, so if you can start here it makes your stride and swing less complicated.

  • A square stance is where both feet are in line with the pitcher and parallel with the edge the batter’s box.
  • Your stride just needs to go straight toward the pitcher.
  • From this setup you should be in an optimal position to hit any pitch.
  • Your upper body is already in the correct position to attack the baseball.
  • It should be easy to see the pitcher with both eyes.

Which is the best batting stance - open, closed or square? Free tips from pro players

Open batting stance

Open Batting Stance

This one is second most common, and is usually from a result of having some problems with the square stance. Most people go to this setup because they were having a little trouble seeing the ball well, they like to get on the plate and pull the baseball, or they used to step in the bucket a little when they were square.

  • An open hitting stance is when your front foot is further from home plate than your back foot.  You are open to the pitcher.
  • Standing open to the pitcher will allow you to turn your head a little more to the pitcher so you will be able to see the ball better with both eyes.
  • When open, you need to get back to square to hit the ball, so your front foot will step toward home plate eliminating the tendency to step away from the plate if you start square.
  • This is a problem that some hitters have especially when a right handed hitter is facing a right handed pitcher and a left handed hitter is facing a left handed pitcher.
  • Some people think to eliminate the problem, you should close your feet off, but that will make your stepping in the bucket more pronounced and you will end up in the same spot with your feet.
  • Getting your feet back square to hit the baseball allows you a better chance to hit any pitch in any location that comes your way.
  • Some hitters use this stance because they are more successful at pulling the baseball.
  • Getting a little closer to the plate will take away the outside part of the plate and make it closer to them.  Then they can look to their strength which is to pull the baseball.
  • Sometimes these hitters sell out to pulling the baseball and don’t get quite back to square, that is why they have to get closer to the plate then most hitters.

The advantages and disadvantages of a closed batting stance

Closed batting stance

Closed Batting Stance

This stance is not used as much as it was back in the 80’s and early 90’s.  It is used mostly for selling out on a approach of looking for the ball the other way and hitting it that way. It can create some problems with getting to an inside pitch.

Your upper body is already closed off and your bat has to go a little further to get to an inside pitch because it has to get around your body.  Most people go to this stance because they are having trouble handling the pitch away and hitting the ball the other way.

  • A closed batting stance is when your front foot is closer to the plate than your back foot – making you closed to the pitcher.
  • Being closed will make seeing the baseball a little more difficult since your back is turned a little toward the pitcher.
  • From here, you would like to get to square but if your front foot slides back from the plate then you have momentum starting to spin away from the pitcher.  This makes it tough to stay square through the baseball.
  • If you keep your feet closed at contact, you will be able to handle the pitches away much better and hit the ball with more success the other way.
  • On the other hand, if you keep your feet closed at contact, it makes your path to an inside pitch very long and tough to get to consistently.

All baseball batting stances have pros and cons and should be used to fit the type of hitter and the swing that you have.  Pay attention to problems that you may have at the plate and make adjustments to make your swing more efficient.

I hope this article on the different batting stances has been helpful for you in finding YOUR best batting stance.  If so, I hope you’ll share it through Facebook, Twitter and other social media to help us spread the word about all the great free info on this site.  Also, I would love to hear your thoughts or questions in the comment section below.  Play hard!  – Doug

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About Author

Avatar für Doug Bernier

Doug Bernier, founder of Pro Baseball, debuted in the Major Leagues in 2008 with the Colorado Rockies, and has played professional baseball for 5 organizations (CO Rockies, NY Yankees, PIT Pirates, MN Twins, & TX Rangers) over the past 16 years. He has Major League time at every infield position, and has played every position on the field professionally except for catcher. (You should click to watch this great defensive play by Bernier) Where is he now? After 16 years of playing professionally, Doug retired and took a position as a Major League scout with the Colorado Rockies for 2 years. Currently Doug is the Data and Game Planning Coordinator with the Colorado Rockies


  1. Avatar für Drew

    Wow absolutely great article. As a former college coach and now a director of high school scouting I know the importance of stance and stride. Doug I think you did a phenomenal job of touching the key points to different stances. I know the biggest leap I made in becoming a better hitter was adjusting my personal stance and stride. Our facilities actually just bought new hitting mats to analyze stance and stride. Worth a checkout –

  2. Avatar für Jill Cakert

    Check out this wonderful communication aid for calling 1st and 3rd plays, pick offs, pitches, offense, and moving fielders. It helped a coach win his 11 yr old state baseball championship. It helped our HS team break the school record for wins and win its first Division Title in school history in Softball. Now in more than 32 states in the US and in Japan and Canada. Totally made in the USA and a portion of every sale goes to Autism Foundations.

    • Avatar für Billy burns

      Great instructional information right here. I have just started playing the game again. I have a square stance and use various size bats ( usually 35″, 34″ and 33s and sometimes 36″… The league has decent pitching with players throwing in the high 60s to low 70s… With this stance, which I have used since high school, I find myself now stepping not towards the pitcher but into the plate. When the bat travels through the strike zone, I am consistently hitting the ball at the trademark or just under it (regardless of what size bat I use).I may have already answered my question but what do you think?

      • Avatar für Doug Bernier

        You are using some pretty large bats. Bat speed is king when it comes to hitting and most strong hitters don’t go any longer than a 34 inch bat. If you are consistently hitting balls off the trademark you may want to try a little shorter and or lighter bat. An extra couple miles per hour on your bat speed may help get the barrel to the baseball a little more consistently.

        A little trick, if you have a square stance and are striding towards home plate try starting with a closed stance. Many times from this position you may step open (which will result in ideally stepping towards the pitcher). People have have a problem stepping in the bucket can open their stance and this can help them stride towards home plate. Its the same idea if you really drop your hands most people start their hands higher which only makes the hitter drop their hands more. If you start them low, they can only move up. So I know it seems a little backwards but give it a try, it may help. Good luck.


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