Birch vs Maple vs Ash bats: Which type of wood is best for your baseball bat & why

Which wood is best for a baseball bat?  Here we compare the pros and cons of each in this head to head comparison of birch vs maple vs ash bats.

Ash Bats

Northern white ash is the most common wood bat available. It has a little flex in the bat (similar to some aluminum bats) which is popular because it may have a little extra whip.

When using ash you need to hit with the grains. That means you want the grains of the bat to be facing the pitcher. A good indicator is to take the label on the bat and have it facing straight up in the air, or have it facing the ground. The label is printed on top of the grains so if it is pointed up or down at contact you will be in the optimal position. This has been proven to be the strongest part of the bat for exit ball speed and overall bat durability.

Baseball Hitting Drills for a Batting Tee- A project to support 100's of pages of free baseball instruction, free baseball tips from the prosPros for Ash bat
  • Usually the least expensive type of wood bat.
  • Has a little flex in the wood (similar to some aluminum bats)
  • When it breaks is usually stays together, thus keeping flying bat shards to a minimum.
Cons for Ash bat
  • Wood grains start to flake (sometimes after the first use), and your bat will eventually lose all density in its barrel. So even if the bat is still in one piece, the barrel could be in such bad shape that the bat can’t be used.
  • Ash is softer wood compared to maple
  • Not as durable as maple or birch.

Maple Bats

Maple bats exploded onto the scene about 15 years ago. Maple is a harder, more dense wood than ash. It doesn’t have the same flex as an ash bat, but once you get used to using one, it isn’t really noticeable. Even though its a harder piece of wood, it still breaks pretty easily when contact is made at the end of the bat.

Note about safety: The label on maple bats is stamped with the grains rather than on the top like ash. There was a MLB study done in 2008 because so many maple bats were shattering when breaking, potentially causing serious injury. The results of this study was, when baseballs are hit on top of the maple bats wood grains opposed to with the grains, (like you would with ash) the bat is more durable. So for 2009 maple bats changed the location of their label, (you still want the label pointing up or down at contact). They also include a ink mark that will run depending on the quality of the wood. If the wood does not meet certain specifications it can’t be sold.

Pros for Maple bats
  • Harder, more dense piece of wood, compared to ash, so a perfectly hit ball will travel farther.
  • Doesn’t flake, making it last for ever as long as you don’t break it. Very durable.
  • Dense wood grains give the bats a “trophy shine”
Cons for Maple bats
  • Usually a little more expensive than ash bats.
  • When it breaks it usually shatters, and you have to deal with flying pieces of bat.
  • Can break easier than a birch bat when contact is made at the end of the bat

Birch Bats

Birch bats in my opinion have the best characteristics of maple and ash, put together in one bat. Birch bats have a flex similar to ash but doesn’t flake, which is similar to maple.  In other words, the birch has the durability of maple with the flex of ash.

However a brand new just out of the box birch bat takes some “breaking in”. Birch requires some batting practice to compress the wood and make it harder.

Pros for Birch bats
  • Has a flex similar to ash
  • Similar to maple when it comes to hardness (doesn’t break down due to normal wear and tear)
  • Combo of hardness and flexibility makes birch bats more durable than any other type of wood bats, while showing pop
Cons for Birch bats
  • Can require a short break in period of somewhere between 30 to 50 contacts to reach maximum hardness

So which type of wood is better for a baseball bat?

I have taken tens of thousands of swings with all 3 types of wood.   Now I have been using these birch bats for a few years and I really like them.

I feel like my birch bats get harder after every use.  I personally break a lot less birch bats.  Not sure why but I would usually average about 12 maples a year where now I break 3-5 birch a year. Most of my breaks are off the end and that is where I feel birch bats are more durable than maple or ash.

SPECIAL NOTE – For the last 7 years of my pro career, before retiring in 2017, I used B45 birch bats.  And I happily recommend them because, unlike some of the bigger companies, they make a pro quality birch wood bats for ALL their customers, whether or not they are actually a professional baseball player.

If you’re not sure which one is right for you, check out our pro review of the best wood bats.

What’s next?

About Author

Avatar für Doug Bernier

Doug Bernier, founder of Pro Baseball, debuted in the Major Leagues in 2008 with the Colorado Rockies, and has played professional baseball for 5 organizations (CO Rockies, NY Yankees, PIT Pirates, MN Twins, & TX Rangers) over the past 16 years. He has Major League time at every infield position, and has played every position on the field professionally except for catcher. (You should click to watch this great defensive play by Bernier) Where is he now? After 16 years of playing professionally, Doug retired and took a position as a Major League scout with the Colorado Rockies for 2 years. Currently Doug is the Data and Game Planning Coordinator with the Colorado Rockies


  1. Avatar für Tom Brian

    Maple bats have been identified as the most common type of bat used by MLB players during the previous 20 years. Baseball bats made of maple are used by over 80% of players in the major league.

  2. Avatar für Tom Brian

    Many bats are made with maple, ash wood, birch, composite, and hickory. Each has its own pros and cons. Plus, due to the myriad of options in the market now, the MLB even has regulations on these bats.

    • Avatar für Burton Swaim
      Burton Swaim on

      Excellent article. I’m 82 and preparing for a MSBL Tournament in Canton, Ohio Sep 12-16. Four Teams 80 years Old. All these years I never knew about wood bats.
      What a delight!
      Thank you.
      Burt Swaim
      MVP San Diego Stat60 Years ago

  3. Avatar für GARY

    There are many types of birch. Paper. White. Yellow. River. Maybe more. Which birch is best for bats? From where?
    Also, since birch is generally a softer wood, can it be condensed through some form of pressurization either before or after the cutting process?

  4. Avatar für bill

    Ash bats flake of you hit on the label side. It is actually stronger than hitting on the growth rings. In other words when you hit with an ash bat with the label up you are hitting on the weakest part of the bat. Ash is so flexible that it can survive the violence of a hit. Maple, birch and beech are close grain wood unlike ash and do not flake like ash bats do. Manufactures have turned the label on these three woods 90 degrees so that you are hitting on the flat of the bat (stronger) not on the growth rings (weaker). You will see more birch and beech bats coming into the market soon. The issue with maple is there are fewer cross fibers in the wood (ash has many cross fibers) causing the wood to fail along growth lines creating sharp projectiles. Ash, birch and beech all have cross fibers that hold the bat together more when broken. Maple tends to shatter like glass where ash, birch and beech crack and hold together as one piece then broken.

  5. Avatar für htbml

    Seguignol, according to Sam Holman, the maker of the now famous Sam Bat, was the first player to homer with a Maple bat.

  6. Avatar für Don Ervin

    If you are continually or other wise breaking your bats, no matter what kind of wood they are you are most likely making contact with bad pitches, on or near the handle or the end of the barrel. At one time when at bat Pete Incaviglia was properly setting his labels which were branded and were the weakest area on the bat, then while waiting for the pitched ball to arrive he would move his hands in such a way that the bat would rotate and make ball contact with the branded label either breaking the bat or deadening the ball, it would jump off his bat as if it were going out of the park and then just die.
    Check out the reason for breaking bats, bats do not break without reason.
    Great Base Ball-N
    Don Ervin

    • Avatar für Doug Bernier

      You are completely right. Bats break because we make contact off the barrel. But in my experience some bats (different type of wood, or thicker bat) can last a little longer sometimes if you hit the ball off the barrel. Thanks for writing in.

      Doug Bernier

  7. Avatar für Tom Bednark

    We at Barnstable Bat have been selling yellow birch bats for 11 years and have found them to be an excellent material. Birch is tough,durable and very forgiving.Birch has great life span and many of our users have made thousands of ball contacts and bat life is very good. The other great point with birch is light weights that you will never see in maple. Tom at Barnstable Bat Company

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